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A cool-weather vegetable is a Chinese Cabbage that includes PAC Choi (bok choy), pe Tsai, Michihli, Napa, and celery cabbage.

Chinese cabbage is a sturdy biennial that is grown annually. Chinese cabbage has tender, long, thick leaves and stiff midribs.

Chinese cabbage has many varieties. Some are loosehead, and others are tightly headed; plants mature from 15 to 18 inches tall. 

How To Grow Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage refers to two Chinese leaf vegetable cultivar groups, which are used in Chinese cuisine. The Pekinensis Group (napa cabbage) and the Chinensis Group (bok choy).

These vegetables are cultivar varieties of Turnip subspecies and belong to the same group as Western staples such as Cabbage, Broccoli, and Cauliflower. Both have many variations in name, pronunciation, and scientific classification, especially in the cultivars of bok choy.

  • Chinese cabbage can be planted for the early to mid-season crop in late summer to autumn (August through October) or for the season (January) crops in spring.
  • Chinese cabbage cold planting requires heavy soil with moisture. But you don’t want the soil too wet, so the plant will rot.
  • Fertilize the soil before planting to keep your Chinese cabbage well growing throughout the season.
  • Plant Chinese cabbage in colder regions in full sunlight, and in partial shade in warmer areas.
  • The easiest way of growing Chinese cabbage is if the plant seeds 1⁄2 inch deep, and 4 inches apart.10 inches (25 cm) apart.
  • Keep Chinese Cabbages cool during hot weather.
  • Cut whole heads at soil level when compact, robust, and shaped.

Chinese Cabbage Nutrition Information

Raw Shredded Chinese Cabbage (pak-choi), 1 cup (70 grams)



Total lipid (fat)0.14


Fiber, total dietary0.7g
Vitamin C31.5mg


Calcium, Ca73.5mg
Magnesium, Mg13.3mg
Phosphorus, P25.9mg
Potassium, K176mg
Sodium, Na45.5mg
Energy (calories)9.1kcal
Carotene, beta1880µg
Zinc, Zn0.133mg
Iron, Fe0.56mg

Garden Vegetables & Fruits Plant Preferences Profile

Specific Plant Growing Requirements and Information

Chinese Cabbage

Biennial grown as an annual

Partial Sun – Partial shade

50 to 85 days

15 to 18 inches tall

Well-drained, moisture-retentive soil rich in organic matter

Does Not Apply To Annuals

Chinese Cabbage Detailed Information

When To Plant Chinese Cabbage

Seed Chinese cabbage straight in the garden as early as 4 to 6 weeks before the last regular spring frost date. Chinese cabbage will come to harvest at cooler spring or autumn temperatures and shorter days before temperatures climb above 75 ° F. Depending on the size, plants take 50 to 85 days to come harvest.

Ideal Location To Plant Chinese Cabbage

Plant Chinese cabbage in colder regions in full sunlight, and in partial shade in warmer areas. Grow Chinese cabbage rich in organic matter in well-worked, well-drained yet moisture-retaining soil. In midseason, apply aged compost to the beds before planting and side dress crops with organic compost again.

How To Plant Chinese Cabbage

Plant seeds 1⁄2 inch deep, and 4 inches apart.  Depending on the type, space rows 18 to 30 inches apart.

Chinese cabbage does not do well when it is transplanted.   Indoor seedlings should be planted in biodegradable peat or paper containers that are conveniently planted in the garden.

Planting Chinese Cabbage In Containers

Chinese cabbage may be raised at least 8-inch wide in containers. Grow Chinese cabbage in bigger pots on 10-inch planting containers. Plants are heat susceptible, and as the temperature heats up, transfer them into the shade.

Keep Chinese Cabbages cool during hot weather.

Chinese cabbage should not sit in direct sun for more than 8 hours each day.

When To Harvest Chinese Cabbage

Cut whole heads at soil level when compact, robust, and shaped. The average harvest time is 50-80 after planting seed stalks. Complete the harvesting before freezes appear. Chinese cabbage is able to be harvested for greens if the first fall frost occurs before heads develop.

Storing Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage can remain in the refrigerator vegetable drawer for roughly a month. Chinese cabbage can be frozen and blanched for 3 to 4 months.

Stir-Fry Chinese Cabbage

Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time10 mins
Course: Side Dish
Cuisine: Chinese
Keyword: Chinese Cabbage, Napa Cabbage, Stir-fry


  • 2 teaspoons canola oil
  • 1 small onion sliced
  • 1 clove garlic minced
  • 1 teaspoon minced ginger
  • 1 head napa cabbage cleaned and sliced
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon rice vinegar
  • 2 teaspoons toasted sesame oil


  • In a large saute pan over medium-high heat, add the canola oil and heat.
  • Add the onion, garlic, and ginger and saute, stirring, for 1 minute.
  • Add the cabbage and cook until just starting to wilt about 2 minutes.
  • Add the soy sauce and rice vinegar and stir well and cook just until cabbage is wilted about 3 minutes.
  • Remove from heat and drizzle with the sesame oil.

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