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CHICORY

One of the oldest mentioned in recorded literature is the chicory plant. The chicory cultivated plant has a history which goes back to ancient Egyptian times.

Medieval monks cultivated the plants and the Dutch felt that chicory made a vibrant addition to bean drink as coffee was imported into Europe. Chicory root has long been used in prisons as a replacement for coffee in the United States.

How To Grow Chicory

Chicory, Belgian Endive, and Radicchio are various types cold-weather vegetables of the same plant, Cichorium intybus.

Chicory produces a green leaf rosette, which can are found in salads. The cut, fleshy taproot of chicory can be ground and used as a coffee substitute.

The Belgian endive is grown for its pale-green, tightly-wrapped leaves used in salads.

Radicchio, also known as Italian chicory, is cultivated for its rosette of large red leaves used in salads; the leaves are similar to those of chicory but have a more acidic flavor. Radicchio also has ahead of 3 to 5 inches across.

  • Chicory is a cold-weather plant harvested from the same herb. It needs a week for seeds to sprout.
  • Sow chicory seed in the garden as early as 2 to 3 weeks before the average date of the last frost in spring.
  • The small sprouts must grow rapidly or they will be tough.
  • Grow in temperatures between 45 ° C and 75 ° F.
  • Grow chicory so it can be picked in cold weather.
  • Near-maturity plant is cut and buried in moist sand and grown to form a thick, lush whited head.

Chicory Nutrition Information

Chopped Raw Chicory Greens, 1 cup (29 grams)

NameAmountUnit
Water26.7g
Protein0.493

g

Total lipid (fat)0.087

g

Carbohydrate1.36g
Fiber, total dietary1.16g
Sugars0.203g
Vitamin C6.96mg
Choline3.71mg
NameAmountUnit
Calcium, Ca29.0mg
Magnesium, Mg8.7mg
Phosphorus, P13.6mg
Potassium, K122mg
Sodium, Na13mg
Energy6.67kcal
Carotene, beta995µg
Zinc, Zn0.122mg
Iron, Fe0.261mg

Raw Chicory Root Pieces, 1/2 cup (60 grams)

NameAmountUnit
Water36g
Protein0.63

g

Total lipid (fat)0.09

g

Carbohydrate7.88g
Fiber, total dietary0.675g
Sugars3.93g
Vitamin C2.25mg
Ash0.401mg
NameAmountUnit
Calcium, Ca18.4mg
Magnesium, Mg9.9mg
Phosphorus, P27.4mg
Potassium, K130mg
Sodium, Na22.5mg
Energy136kcal
Folate10.4µg
Zinc, Zn0.149mg
Iron, Fe0.36mg

Garden Vegetables & Fruits Plant Preferences Profile

Specific Plant Growing Requirements and Information

Chicory

Perennial

Full Sun 

85 to 100 days

Cichorium intybus

When flowering, chicory has a tough, grooved, and more or less hairy stem, from 30 to 100 cm (10 to 40 in) tall

Rich soil cultivated to 18 inches deep

Zones 3 to 9

Chicory Detailed Information

Chicory Explained

Chicory and endive are not to be confused. Both belong to the same family of botanical and are used interchangeably, but they are not the same plant. The Cichorium intybus plant is chicory, Belgian endive, and radicchio.

The plant Cichorium endivia is Endive and Escarole. Whether you want to cultivate chicory root or grow chicory by the Belgian endive, if you’re going to grow red-leafed radicchio, select a cultivar of radicchio. When endive is developing exclusively for vegetables, produce endive or escarole.
 
Chicory is a hardy annual with a thick, fleshy taproot, a rosette of leaves, and a branched stem of light blue flowers capped.

Ideal Sun for Chicory

Chicory grows in full sun and will tolerate partial shade.

Watering Chicory Plant

Maintain plants evenly moist. Before planting, apply aged compost to the beds and once at midseason.

Soil Preferences of Chicory

In soil fertile in organic matter, that is well-drained and free of lumps that may cause the roots to fork or break is the ideal place to plant chicory. Before growing, apply aged garden compost to plant beds. Chicory tends to favor a soil pH between 5.0 and 6.8.

When To Plant Chicory

Chicory and radicchio are a sturdy, cool-seasonal perennial that grows well in cold winter regions in spring and early summer, and in the warm-winter areas in fall and winter plant chicory seeds 2 weeks before the last frost average date in spring.

Colder temperatures give chicory and radicchio the sweetest taste. Plant chicory seeds in the garden as early as 2 to 3 weeks before the last frost average date in spring. Chicory and radicchio thrive in temperatures between 45 ° F and 75 ° F.

Grow chicory and radicchio so that in cold weather, it comes to harvest. Depending on the variety, chicory and radicchio allow 85 to 100 days of harvesting. Belgian endive heads are the second stage of plant growth often grown indoors; temperature is not a consideration.

How to Plant Chicory

Plant the chicory and radicchio seeds 1⁄4 inch deep and 1 to 2 inches apart. Space rows distance between 24 and 36 inches. When the seedlings are four inches tall, thin plants 6 to 18 inches apart. You may eat the thinnings.

Growing Chicory for the roots. Grow chicory for roots in organically rich soil planted to 18 inches deep. Roots will be able to harvest about 120 days after planting.

Growing Radicchio. Choose from combinations of heading and semi-heading. Radicchio is better planted for the autumn harvest; sow the seeds in the garden 85 days before the first frost in the fall, the radicchio demands a long, cold season. Place a plastic mulch or plastic sheet around the radicchio plants – green, black or transparent. Radicchio growing on plastic, not dirt, can significantly increase the percentage of the heading.

Growing Belgian Endive. Dig up the chicory root to create a blanched head and cut off the top about 2 inches above the root crown or top. In a dark, damp spot, such as an outdoor pit, cold frame, or root cellar, bury the root to cause it to grow a blanched sprout. Cut off the tip of the root so that the root is 6 to 8 inches long. Position the root upright angle in a bowl, pot, or other container filled with fine sand, or just cover the top with a mixture of sand and peat moss; water thoroughly and hold at a temperature of 60 ° t The compact, the pale-green head grows within 3 to 4 weeks.

How to Harvest Chicory

It will take 85 to 100 days for the chicory root to hit harvest. Belgian endive may take 3 to 4 weeks after beginning the process of pressing and blanching; cutaway leaves when 5 to 6 inches above the ground and buries the plant to grow to harvest when new heads are 3 to 5 inches in diameter. When leaves are 3 to 5 inches long, and a head has grown or leaves can be picked loose, Radicchio is ready for harvest.

Sauteed Chicory Greens

Chicory Greens sautéed a simple and easy side dish. Cooked Greens saute in olive oil, a pinch of salt and garlic.
Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time3 mins
Course: Side Dish
Cuisine: Indian
Keyword: Chicory greens, Sauteed greens
Servings: 4 People
Author: Hazel Foxtrot

Ingredients

  • 1 bunch chicory 1 pound
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic chopped
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • pinch of hot pepper flakes if desired

Instructions

  • Wash leaves and cut them in half (or leave whole)
  • Cook in boiling water (unsalted) until tender but not mushy, drain well.
  • In a medium frying pan add olive oil and garlic
  • Then add the chicory, salt, and hot pepper flakes, toss gently
  • Heat 1 -2 minutes on medium heat.
  • Serve immediately, with a squeeze of lemon if desired.

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