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Celery is a marshland plant within the Apiaceae family cultivated as a vegetable since ancient times. Celery has a long and fibrous stem that tapers into leaves.

The stalks, leaves or hypocotyl are eaten and used in cooking, depending on the location and cultivar.

Celery seed is often used as seasoning, and herbal medicinal extracts have been used.

How To Grow Celery Overview

Celery has both a pleasing snap and a convenient groove to keep something rich and creamy. Cooked, it gives the salads, soups, and stir-fries a delightful taste. And it only has 11 calories per cup.

Celery has a lot of health benefits that you may not consider. And though it’s not high in traditional nutrients, celery is filled with a lot of other kinds of good things that our bodies need to remain balanced.

  • The plants are grown from seed, sown in a hot bed or in the open garden, depending on the season of the year.
  • Space 10 to 12 inches apart
  • After one or two thinning and transplantation, they are planted in deep trenches at a height of 5.9–7.9 in. (15–20 cm) for the ease of blanching, which is carried out by the soil to remove light from the stalks.
  •  Celery can tolerate light frost to 29°F. Cover with a frost blanket if colder temperatures are forecast.
  • Once they’ve reached the size you want, pull individual stalks from bunches as needed. Cut whole heads at the soil line.
  • Store stalks or bunches (unwashed) in the refrigerator.
garden fresh Celery

Celery Nutrition Information

Raw Celery, 1 cup (120 grams)



Total lipid (fat)0.204


Fiber, total dietary1.92g
Vitamin C3.72mg
Calcium, Ca48.0mg
Magnesium, Mg13.2mg
Phosphorus, P28.8mg
Potassium, K312mg
Sodium, Na96mg
Energy (calories)19.2kcal
Carotene, beta324µg
Zinc, Zn0.156mg
Iron, Fe0.24mg

Garden Vegetables & Fruits Plant Preferences Profile

Specific Plant Growing Requirements and Information


Celery is a biennial grown as an annual.

Partial sun

16 weeks of cool weather to come to harvest

Apium graveolens

12-18 inches tall, 8 inches in diameter 

Rich Soil

Does Not Apply To Annuals

Celery Detailed Information

Planting Celery Seeds

The first and most critical factor when planning to grow a celery crop is obtaining quality seeds. Not just seed from which a significant percentage will germinate, but also possessing ample strength and vigor to give a strong start to the seedling. Since the seeds of celery are tiny, it is essential that only a small percentage of the amount typically sown will actually grow to ensure plant abundance.

Since low germination and the necessary strength are rarely found both in the same packet of seed, the desirable the seed is one which has a high percentage of germination.

Ideal Soil for Celery

A rich, mellow, sandy loam can produce the best results when growing celery in the garden. Garden bed soil should contain plenty of leaf compost, which should be filtered to the inch through a sieve of no fewer than six meshes. There is no need to sift the soil of the transplant bed too fine, and some well-rotted barnyard manure should cover a portion of the leaf compost; in other ways, it would be the same as the seedbed. 

Celery can flourish in any moist, well-drained soil, but prefer a coarse, sandy loam. If nothing but clay soil is available, the liberal application of well-rotted barnyard manure can cause it to grow good celery. There is likely to be damage to clay soils caused by the clay being washed into the plants’ hearts when they are still low.

How to Water Celery

Ensure the celery is well-watered during all growth phases. Water deficiencies delay the production, cause stalks to become stringy, and allow plants to send up shoots.

How to Feed Celery

Celery is a significant feeder. Upon planting and side-dressing plants with compost at midseason apply aged-compost to planting beds.

Pests and Diseases That Effect Celery

Celery usually doesn’t face severe pest problems, but can be attacked by miner celery leaf and slugs (while blanching).

Celery may be affected by pink rot, black heart, and blight. Be sure that the soil provides enough magnesium and calcium to prevent these diseases.

How to Harvest Celery

The period from planting to harvest is 100 to 130 days from seed transplants, about 20 days longer. A 10-foot row would yield approximately 20 celery heads. When the head is around two to three inches in diameter at the root, continue harvesting before the first hard frost. Cut the head down to or just below the soil level.

Creamed Celery With Pecans

Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time25 mins
Course: Soup
Cuisine: American
Keyword: Celery soup, creamed celery
Servings: 4 people
Author: William


  • 4 c. celery cut diagonally into 1/2" pieces
  • 3 tbsp. butter
  • 2 tbsp. flour
  • 2 c. milk
  • 3/4 tsp. salt
  • 3/4 c. pecan halves
  • 1/2 c. bread crumbs


  • Boil celery in water to cover for about 10 minutes or until tender. Drain.
  • Melt 2 tablespoons butter over medium heat.
  • Stir in flour and add milk slowly, stirring constantly until thick and smooth.
  • Add salt and drained celery.
  • Spoon mixture into greased 1 1/2 quart casserole.
  • Top with pecans (or mix in with celery mixture).
  • Mix bread crumbs with 1 tablespoon melted butter and sprinkle over celery mixture. (Can refrigerate, then bring to room temperature and bake.)
  • Bake uncovered at 400 degrees for 15 minutes.

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