Growing carrots, and any root vegetable, can be a bit of a risk as you can’t see how big they are before you pick them. Also, seasoned gardeners can run into can problems with long, sweet carrots. Quite sometimes, carrots will fail with roots that are bland, odd-shaped, pretty tough. But with the loose dirt, some cold weather, and lots of water, you can’t grow delicious, crunchy carrots.
Carrots are part of the family of Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, along with dill and fennel. You can see the similarities in the flowers and leaves. Carrots are renowned for their orange roots, but in fact, they come in many different colors.
The carrot leaves are dissected finely, with fern-like compound stems. The leaves are also edible, but they note they contain furocoumarins, which can induce allergic reactions to the skin. Flowers of carrot have five petals and sepals and are raised in compound umbels. Many roots are around one inch in diameter and about 12 inches in length ranging from one inch to across.
Carrots are planted directly in the garden, rather than transplanted and damaging the roots. Carrot seeds can germinate up to 15 days. Maintain the moist soil until the seedlings emerge.
You could plant the carrot seeds with radish seeds, which should sprout first and loosen the soil to keep the soil from crusting over and making it impossible for the seeds to sprout.
Carrot seeds are small, making even planting difficult. Only position them about a fifth of an inch deep. Seed spacing about one inch apart is ideal, but unrealistic. You may end up doing some thinning. Thin all plants within 1.5-inch of each other, until the seedlings exceed 1 to 2 inches in height. The easiest way to avoid destroying the existing roots is to snip or pick the seedlings off at the soil level.
You can use the little carrots in pasta dishes or salads if you decide to thin them again later. Your carrots will be far enough apart after you’ve done thinning that they won’t touch shoulders until mature.
The perfect soil is rich, soft, well drained, sandy or loamy, with a pH between 6.3 and 6.8.
Freshwater is applied to keep the soil moist as necessary. The plant is gradually thinned to a spacing of 3 to 4 in (8 to 10 cm) after sprouting and weeded to avoid competition under the ground.
Since the crop needs low amounts of nitrogen, moderate phosphate, and heavy potash, fertilizer should be applied according to soil condition. Poor or rocky soils should be avoided, as this can make the roots furry and disfigured
Carrots flourish from intensely fragrant companion plants. The pungent smell of onions, leeks, and chives tends to repel the carrot root fly.
Other vegetables that fit well with carrots include cabbage, tomatoes, and radishes, as well as rosemary and sage herbs.
Throughout the company of caraway, coriander, chamomile, marigold, and daisy on the Swan River, carrots will thrive.
These can also be suitable partners for many plants if allowed to bloom. The carrot, like any umbellifer, may draw parasitic wasps, which will kill several pests in the garden and backyard.
Once you see their shoulders popping out of the ground and their color appears bright, you should start pulling your carrots up. It would also serve to thin out the carrots and while growing the remaining carrots. Colder weather intensifies the taste of carrots, but wait before the ground begins freezing until you harvest the rest of the carrots.
Carrots may be kept in the refrigerator for many months, or in a moist, cold environment in the winter. Unwashed carrots can be stored in a bucket between layers of sand, a 50/50 mixture of shavings of wood and sand, or in the soil for long-term storage. Good temperature range is 32 to 40 ° F (0 to 5 ° C)
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