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Blueberries thrive when grown in areas where summers are cooler, and the soil is acidic. Some variations of blueberries can be grown in warmer, dry areas also.

Blueberries are a permanent crop. Grow them where they can grow uninterrupted for ten years or longer.

Blueberries blossom in the spring; the flowers are white or pink and vase-shaped. In summer, the berries turn from green to pink or red and eventually to blue. In the fall, the leaves turn crimson. Young twigs and branches appear to turn red in the winter.

How To Grow Blueberries Overview

Blueberries are quickly grown in a backyard garden and produce plentiful sweet, tasty, and vibrant berries.

  • Grow blueberries in compost-rich, well-draining soil. Blueberries do well in acidic soil with a pH of between 4.5 and 4.8. A lot of organic compost will make the soil just ideal, so if your land has lime, you can apply some pelletized sulfur to the ground before planting.
  • Grow more than one blueberry variety in your garden to ensure successful pollination.
  • Maintain the soil reasonably moist in the blueberry gardens. Don’t allow the soil to dry up. Mulch around blueberries to preserve soil moisture in dry summer areas.
  • Plant blueberries bare-root or container-grown in the fall or season. Do not plant whether the soil is frozen or filled by snow. Plant blueberries out of heavy winds in a protected spot.
    Whether the soil is neutral or alkaline, usually, try planting blueberries rich in acidic soil in an elevated area.
  • Before you transplant, young water plants thoroughly. Prepare a hole half as deep as the transplant root ball and twice as long. Moisten the hole. Attach a cup of bone meal to the bottom of the hole or gradual release of organic fertilizer. Fill with a thin coat of surface fertilizer.

  • Massage a root ball before inserting the plant in the hole to isolate roots. Place the plant in the cavity such that it is consistent with the natural soil around the crown of the seed. Pack in the soil around the transplanted roots to ensure no air gaps between the roots. Ensure that the plant’s crown is not smaller than the dirt covering it.

  • Build a basin around the freshly planted plant for irrigation water. The basin will be in any direction about a foot away from the plant base.

    Water the freshly planted compost tea plant or a low fish emulsion solution. After planting, add 3 to 5 inches of aged manure or organic mulch — sawdust, pine mulch, or pine bark to growing blueberry bushes. This keeps the soil uniformly moist and protects the shallow roots from fluctuations in weather.

  • Offer blueberries light feeding every spring; it is possible to have low nitrogen fertilizers, such as 5-10-10.

  • Keep birds out of your produce by draping bird nets over plants with ripening berries.
  • Grow early, mid-and late-ripening varieties so that you have a crop that lasts 2 months or more. (You will not be able to grow early, mid-and late-ripening varieties in all regions.)
sweet blueberries grown in the backyard garden

Blueberries Nutrition Information

Raw Blueberries, 1 cup (148 grams)



Total lipid (fat)0.488


Fiber, total dietary3.55g
Vitamin C14.4mg
Calcium, Ca8.88mg
Magnesium, Mg8.88mg
Phosphorus, P17.8mg
Potassium, K114mg
Sodium, Na1.48mg
Energy (Calories)84.4kcal
Carotene, beta47.4µg
Zinc, Zn0.237mg
Iron, Fe0.414mg

Garden Vegetables & Fruits Plant Preferences Profile

Specific Plant Growing Requirements and Information


Full Sun is best

Between the second and fourth year after planting. Blueberries ripen over a period of 6 to 7 weeks

6 to 12 feet tall

Require acidic soil and soil rich in organic matter. Blueberries grow best in a soil pH of 4.0 to 5.0

Highbush (Vaccinium corymbosum) will grow best in Zone 4 to 7

Growing Blueberries Detailed Information

Blueberry Bush Varieties

Lowbush Blueberries

Blueberries grow close to the ground, 6 to 18 inches wide. The Lowbush species are ideal for frigid winter regions; from Nova Scotia to Vancouver, draw a line; the Lowbush species expand to the north of the border. Blueberries from Lowbush have a pleasant musky taste and come for mid-summer harvest. Lowbush blueberries should be planted 2 feet apart.

Half-High Blueberries

Half-high types of blueberries are like cold-hardy blueberries, which grow more abundant fruits as big as highbush fruits. Such plants are ideal for the cold winters in the center of the continent.
Half-high varieties mature between 18 and 36 inches high and bear much of their berries near the bottom. The fruit could be as round as the nickel. Half-high blueberries should be planted 2 to 3 feet apart.

Highbush Blueberries

High-bushed blueberries are better grown in the northern regions of ocean or Great Lakes temperatures. Coastal Maine to the State of New York, Southern Ontario, lower Michigan, and Northern California to Vancouver.
Highbush blueberries mature 4 to 8 feet in approximately 8 years. They will start growing 10 to 20 pounds of fruit per plant in their second year. They render big, sweet berries. Highbush blueberries should be planted 6 feet apart.

Southern Highbush

Southern Blueberries are low chill varieties that can be cultivated in the inland and coastal valleys of California, the Sunbelt area, and the Southeast. These varieties are hybridized for soil modification, heat resistance, and low winter refreshments. Southern highbush varieties grow 4 to 6 foot tall, and types develop early, mid- to late-season.

Rabbiteye Blueberries

Rabbiteye is native to the South-East of the U.S. rising in acidic regions from Virginia and Tennessee to south Florida and west to Arkansas and Texas. The varieties of rabbiteye need less coolness than other blueberries. They grow to 10 feet in height and produce tall, sweet fruits. Rabbiteye blueberries should be spaced 8 feet apart.

Ideal Soil for Blueberries

Blueberries need acidic soil and soil rich in organic matter. The soil must be well-drained.

Blueberries need consistent humidity and excellent drainage. The roots of blueberry are shallow and should not be bothered.

Apply a heavy mulch to the plant foundation, holding weeds down, soil humidity, and soil cool.

At least once or twice a year, apply organic mulch to the blueberries. When the mulch breaks down, the roots of the blueberry grow in it.

How to Water Blueberry Bushes

Blueberries need consistent humidity and excellent drainage. T

he roots of blueberry are shallow and should not be bothered.

Apply a heavy mulch to the plant base, holding weeds down, soil humidity up, and soil cool.

How to Feed Blueberry Bushes

At least once or twice a year, apply organic mulch to the blueberries. When the mulch breaks down, the roots of the blueberry grow in it.

Feed plants with an average of 1⁄4 pound nitrogen annually. Topdressing plants in spring with blood meal.

Limit lime or calcium-containing fertilizers. (The soil should be kept evenly clean, with sufficient even rainfall, guaranteeing the maximum berries.

The blueberries can be provided by aged manure or by a conventional sustainable planting blend once or twice a year.

Training and Pruning Blueberry Bushes

Blueberries will not have structured training. Highbush and rabbiteye are pruned as casual, straight bushes. Lowbush varieties are low spreading plants that only need old growth to be removed.

Pinch the first year off flowers and young berries, helping the plant to grow its roots.

Each year, extract dead and broken wood as needed.

In winter or spring, trim old trees, broken branches, and spindle branches. All this should introduce the sunshine to the inside of the bush and promote new development.

Eradicate any older shoots if the shoots become too crowded.

To maximize fruit size, head back shoots that have plenty of flower buds.

Enable two new shoots to develop from the plant base per year if you happen to live in cold north winter areas, encourage three to four new shoots to expand in the dry season south.

Lowbush blueberry stems will go only to the soil during spring, but in the season after pruning, plants do not produce fruit.

How to Harvest Blueberries

Around the second and the fourth year after planting, blueberry bushes will begin to bear berries.

Blueberries mature for 6 to 7 weeks. Not all blueberries will ripen at the same time in a group.

Harvest berries that are blue and sweet to taste. Leave unripe berries for future harvest. Ripe berries can drop quickly from the plant when they are lightly pulled.

Underripe berries do not ripen off the blueberry bush, let them ripen on the forest.

Ripe berries will last about a week on the bush, then they will wither away and fall to the ground.

Berries are very delicate and should be treated with caution.

The ideal time to eat fresh blueberries is instant. They can remain in the refrigerator for 1 to 2 weeks.

Preserving blueberries by freezing, canning, or preparing jams or jellies.

Blueberry Dump Cake

Perfect for making the most out of fresh blueberry season, this simple blueberry dump cake is the easy dessert recipe you’ve been craving and my all time fav!
Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time45 mins
Cool on wire rack10 mins
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: American
Keyword: blueberry dessert, dump cake, fresh blueberries
Servings: 8 People
Author: Heidi


  • 1/2 cup butter 1 stick or you could use margarine
  • 1 cup flour all-purpose or whole wheat pastry flour
  • 1 cup of sugar
  • 1 cup milk I use whole, you could use almond milk or other dairy-free milk in place of regular milk
  • 1 pint blueberries


  • Preheat oven to 375, spray a skillet with cooking spray or grease it with butter, and set aside.
  • In a bowl melt, the butter (30 seconds in the microwave does the trick for me) then pour in the flour, sugar, and milk and whisk to combine, until no big lumps remain.
  • Pour into the prepared skillet.
  • Sprinkle the blueberries evenly around the top of the batter.
  • Bake for 40-45 minutes, or until edges start to turn slightly brown. Remove from oven and allow to cool for 10 minutes.
  • Serve warm or cold.


I use a 12-inch skillet for this recipe. You could use a smaller skillet, the cake would just be a little taller!

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