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AVOCADOS

Per year, at age 5 to 7, a single avocado tree can yield 200 to 300 fruits.

How To Grow Avocados Overview

Avocado, a tree likely from south-central Mexico, is identified as a member of the Lauraceae family of flowering plants. The fruit of the tree, also known as avocado, is botanically a large berry with a single large seed.

  • Any time during growing season, plant container-grown avocados indoors. Outdoors plant in spring after the last freeze, and resist planting in humid, summer months.
  • Prepare a place for planting in full light, protected from chilly breezes or strong winds.
  • Work the soil with well-rotted compost or manure.
  • Dig a hole half as deep and twice as wide as the roots of the tree.
  • Apply a cup of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
  • Place a tree stake before planting. Place the stake through the soil on the side of the hole at least 2 feet down.
  • Plant the base of the tree out of the ground, notably higher than it was in the nursery container. Broaden out the roots in all directions.
  • Refill the hole with half natural soil and half age manure or industrial organic planting mix. Fill in the ground, so the roots do not have any air pockets. Pack in the soil and build a small reservoir of soil around the tree to retain water during watering.
  • Secure the tree by tree ties to the stake.
  • Feed the tree deeply upon planting, then fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid fertilizer starter. For the first year, maintain the soil equally moistly.
Avocado from the backyard garden used to make this guacamole with the other vegetables I grew

Avocado Nutrition Information

Raw Avocado, 1 cup sliced (146 grams)

NameAmountUnit
Water107g
Protein2.92

g

Total lipid (fat)21.4

g

Carbohydrate12.5g
Fiber, total dietary9.78g
Sugars0.964g
Vitamin C14.6mg
Choline20.7mg
NameAmountUnit
Calcium, Ca17.5mg
Magnesium, Mg42.3mg
Phosphorus, P75.9mg
Potassium, K708mg
Sodium, Na10.2mg
Energy (calories)234kcal
Carotene, beta90.5µg
Zinc, Zn0.934mg
Iron, Fe0.803mg

Garden Vegetables & Fruits Plant Preferences Profile

Specific Plant Growing Requirements and Information

Avocado

Tree

Full Sun

5 – 7 Years

Persea americana

Avocados grow 20 to 60 feet tall and 25 to 35 feet wide. Space plants 25 to 35 feet apart

Humus-rich, well-drained soil

Zones 9 and 10

Growing Avocados Detailed Growing Information

Growing Avocado Seeds In Water Indoors

  • You can begin with the seed of an avocado. Clean it off.
  • Using three toothpicks to hang it down over a water-filled container to cover about one inch of the seed.
  • Put the glass out of direct sunlight in a warm location and top-off with fresh water as needed.
  • The roots and stem will continue to sprout within around two to six weeks. (When you have not seen roots or stem sprout after more than six to eight weeks, seek another seed.)
  • When the stem is 6 or 7 inches long, trim it down to around 3 inches.
  • Once the roots are thicker, and the stem has leaves again, plant it in fertile humus soil in a container with a diameter of 101⁄2 inches, leaving the seed half showing.
  • Water it often, with an occasional heavy soak. The soil should be fairly moist but not wet.
  • Always remember the more sunshine, the healthier.
  • If the leaves turn yellow, you could be over watering. Let it dry out for a couple of days.
  • If you see the leaves turning brown at the tips or looking fried, too much salt has collected in the soil. Drain the water out of the container gently, then refill with fresh water.
  • When the stem is 12 inches long, cut it down to 6 inches to allow new shoots to grow.
  • Avocados generally don’t bear fruit when grown indoors.

Growing Avocado Trees Outdoors

Avocado trees grow well with moderate humidity at relatively high temperatures (60 F to 85 F). Once established, they can withstand temperatures of about 28 F to 32 F with minor damage. Avoid planting avocado tree in zones with freezing conditions.

When To Plant Avocado Trees

Avocados grow in Zones 9 and 10. Plant your tree from March till June. When you plant during the season, there is always a chance of sun damage.

Where To Plant Avocado Trees

Young avocado trees do not retain water very well. Place it in a non-lawn location and away from the sidewalks. Place it in a wind and frost-protected spot. Grow avocados in well-drained soil high in humus. Avocados favor a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. Avocados are grown in full sunlight.

Italian Vegetable Toss

Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time15 mins
Course: Salad
Cuisine: Italian
Keyword: fresh salad, garden salad, vegetable salad
Servings: 12
Author: Heidi

Ingredients

  • 1 1/2 c. shell macaroni
  • 2 c. broccoli flowerets
  • 1 c. cauliflower flowerets
  • 1 c. sliced mushrooms
  • 1 6 oz. can artichoke hearts, drained, rinsed & chopped
  • 1 c. sliced ripe olives
  • 1/2 c. chopped green onion
  • 2/3 c. Italian dressing
  • 1 med. avocado seeded, peeled & sliced
  • 1 med. tomato seeded & chopped

Instructions

  • Cook macaroni according to package directions; drain.
  • Rinse with cold water; drain well.
  • In a large bowl combine macaroni, broccoli, cauliflower, mushrooms, artichoke hearts, olives, and green onion.
  • Toss with Italian dressing.
  • Cover and chill several hours.
  • At serving time, toss vegetable mixture with avocado and tomato.

Notes

Makes 12-16 servings.

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